Body segment parameters j15jSpace requirements of the seated operator

Reference

Space requirements of the seated operator

Journal

WADC Technical report TR-55-159(1955)

Author

W.T.Dempster

Item

A@M@COG@V@I@D

State

Cadaver

Sample number

8

Sex

Male

Age

52-83

Measurement year

?

Race

Caucasian

Measurement place

USA

Measurement technique

Cadaver segmentation

Raw data accessibility

›
01 * This reference can be downloaded freely from the website of the Department of Anatomy of the University of Brussels

(1)Definition of body segmentation

The body segmentation is performed in 4 batches. Finally, The bodies are dismembered into the following parts: the head+neck, shoulder (the shoulder girdle plus all associated muscles, and overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue), Upper part of torso, Lower part of torso, Thigh, Calf, Foot, Upper arm, Forearm, Hand.

(1)Dismemberment of torsoiincluding headj,whole LimbsD


¥Torso|Upper limbs
The shoulder joint
¥Torso\Lower limbs
The hip joint

(2)Dismemberment of upper arm|forearm,thigh|calf

¥Upper arm|Fore arm
The center of the elbow joint with bending to mid-flexion angle s of 70 degree.
¥Thigh|Calf
The center of the knee joint with bending to mid-flexion angle s of 62 degree.

(3)Dismemberment of shoulder
¥Dismemberment of the shoulder muscles and
soft tissue(Blue line in Figurej

(1)The dismemberment is made from (1)the mastoid process to the suprasternal notch along the anterior edge of the sternocleidmastoid muscle, (2)along the medial border of the pectoralis major muscle, to the fifth chondrosternal junction, (3)then laterally to the lateral limit of the pectoralis major muscle. (4)Next, the dismemberment follows the digitations of the serratus anterior muscle to the anterior margin of the latissimus dorsi M. Next, the dismemberment follows to the crest of the ilium following the anterior edge of the latissimus dorsimuscle. (5)This dismemberment then continues posteriorly along the crest of the ilium to the lateral border of the lumbodorsal fascia. (6)From this point, the dismemberment carries to the 12th thoracic spine and (7)along the spines of the thoracic and cervical vertebrae to the skull. The dismemberment is completed by following the nuchal line to the mastoid process.

(4)Dismemberment of torso, forearm|hand, calf|foot
¥Head+Neck|Thorax
The joint between C7 and T1
¥Thorax|abdomen+pelvis
The joint between T12 and L1
¥Forearm|Hand
The cut plane passes transversely through the head of the capitate bone.
¥Calf|Foot
The cut plane begins at the upper border of the calcaneus, and extends to the lower tip of the fibula just above the talus head.
(2)Predictive model
Only the raw data are described.
(3)Validation
Not performed