Body segment parameters )04)Anthropometric and mass distribution characteristics of the adult female

Reference

Anthropometric and mass distribution characteristics of the adult female

Journal

FAA-AM-83-16

Author

J.W.Young

Item

V COV I
PAI(Principal axis of inertia)

State

Living

Sample number

46

Sex

Female

Age

21-45

Measurement year

?

Race

Caucasian

Measurement place

USA

Measurement technique

Photogrammetry

Raw data accesibility

×
Definition of the anatomical axis origin of each segment.

Procedure for defining the anatomical axis origin

(1) Three landmarks are used to establish the original plane.
(2) Two additional landmarks are used to establish a plane perpendicular to the first plane.
(3) A single landmark is used to establish a plane perpendicular to first two planes.

The origin of each axis system is the common point of intersection of the three planes. +Z is the direction from the origin towards the head; +X is the direction from the origin towards the front of the body; +Y is the direction from the origin towards the left of the body.

a.head

・XY plane
The plane passes through right and left tragion and right infraorbitale
・YZ plane
The plane passes through right and left tragion, perpendicular to XY plane
・XZ plane
The plane passese through sellion, perpendicular to XY and YZ plane

b.neck

・XZ plane
The plane passes through Adam's apple, cervicale and suprasternale.
・XY plane
The plane passes through one- half the distance between the right clavicale and cervicale and the left clavicale and cervicale, perpendicular to XZ plane.
・YZ plane
The plane passes through cervicale, perpendicular to XZ and XY plane.

c.Thorax

・XZ plane
The plane passes through suprasternale, cervicale and mid-spine at level of 10th rib.
・YZ plane
The plane passes through cervicale and 10th rib level at mid-spine, perpendicular to XZ plane.
・XY plane
The plane passes through 10th rib level at mid-spine, perpendicular to XZ and YZ plane.

d.Abdomen

・XY plane
The plane passes through right and left 10th rib and at mid-spine at level of 10th rib.
・YZ plane
The plane passes through right and left 10th rib, perpendicula to XY plane.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through 10th rib mid-spine, perpendicular to XY and YZ plane.

e.Pelvis

・YZ plane
The plane passes through right and left anterior superior iliac spine and symphsion.
・XY plane
The plane passes through right and left anterior superior iliac spine, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through mid-spine at level of posterior superior iliac spine, perpendicular to YZ and XY plane.

f.Right and left upper arm

・YZ plane
The plane passes through acromion and right and left humeral epicondyles.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through lateral epicondyle and acromion, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XY plane
The plane passes through acromion, perpendicular to YZ and XZ plane

g.Right and left forearm, forearm+hand

・YZ plane
The plane passes through distal end of the ulnar and radial styloid processes and radiale.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through distal end of the ulnar styloid process and radiale, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XY plane
The plane passes through radiale, perpendicular to YZ and XZ plane.

h.Right and left hand

・YZ plane
The plane passes through dactylion and the lateral aspect of the metacarpal-phalangeal joint of degits 2 and 4.
・XY plane
The plane passes through the lateral aspect of the metacarpal-phalangeal joint of digits 2 and 4, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through metacarpale 3, perpendicular to YZ and XY plane.

i.Right and left thigh, flap, thigh-flap

・YZ plane
The plane passes through trochanterion and right and left lateral femoral epicondyles.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through lateral femoral epicondyles and trochanterion, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XY plane
The plane passes through trochanterion, perpendicular to YZ and XZ plane.

j.Right and left calf

・YZ plane
The plane passes through tibiale, sphyrion and the lateral malleolus.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through sphyrion and tibiale, perpendicular to YZ plane.
・XY plane
The plane passes through tibiale, perpendicular to YZ and XZ plane.

j.Right and left foot

・XY plane
The plane passes through metatarsal-phalangeal 1 and 5 landmarks and the posterior calcaneous.
・XZ plane
The plane passes through tip of digit 2 and posterior calcaneous, perpendicular to plane.
・YZ plane
The plane passes through metatarsal-phalangeal 1 landmark, perpendicular to XY and XZ plane.

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