Anthropometry
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In anthropometry special instruments designed to measure the human body are used. With 1mm pitch scale, Martin-type instruments are made to conveniently measure various human body parts.

As of the end of 2004, the measurements taken by a 3-D human body scanner do not necessarily match with those obtained by manual measurement. Measurements taken by 3-D scanners should not be regarded as equivalent to ones taken by traditional methods, unless their validity is properly evaluated.

Anthropometer
The following manufacturers are offering measurement systems for measuring human body dimensions. We recommend checking and trying actual instruments, plus considering price and usability before purchasing.

Measurement Accuracy
For human body measurements manually taken by an anthropometrist, reproducibility means how much measurement values differ when the same measurer measures the same subject twice. The measurement accuracy of 3-D shape scanners depends on the size of the measurement space and camera resolution as well as the detection method of markers placed on landmarks or autolandmarking method. For the reproducibility and accuracy of the measurement data taken by experienced anthropometrists the following references are available:

Kouchi M., et al., 1996: Random Errors in Anthropometry. Journal of Human Ergology, 25:155-166.
Kouchi M., et al., 1999: Interobserver errors in anthropometry. Journal of Human Ergology, 28:15-24.

Textbooks on Anthropometry