Human Body Properties Database
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JAPANESE | Anthropometric Data | Passive Joint Properties | Body Segment Parameters

Introduction

The Digital Human Research Center launched the "Digital Human Technology Consortium" comprising 8 universities, 2 institutes and 13 companies (5 automotive, 1 housing and 7 software). The consortium has been collaborating to develop "Science-Based Genuine Digital Manikins". The aim of this project is to generate possible human motions for getting into a car, and to assess the load and comfort during the motions.

In order to develop science-based genuine digital human manikins assuming a rigid link model, information on the mechanical properties of the human body is indispensable. Human body properties include body dimensions (anthropometric data), body segment parameters such as mass, center of gravity, and moment of inertia, as well as passive joint properties. When the human body is described using a more detailed musculo-skeletal model, the structural information of musculo-skeletal system, visco-elasticity of muscles, and material properties of bones and soft tissues are also required.

Numerous studies have been published on human body properties. We surveyed the literature on body dimensions, passive joint properties and body segment parameters, and have compiled the information on this web site.

Finding these papers should be easy for researchers of physical anthropology and biomechanics; however, it may be more difficult for researchers of robotics and computer graphics. We hope that you find what you are looking for on our web site.(2004)

About this web site

This database web site has the following features:

  1. Every data entry has a pointer to the original literature
  2. All data is arranged using the same terminology
  3. Figures are redrawn for easy comparison of different definitions in different literature.
  4. No original raw data is cited on this web site. Please refer the original literature for raw data. However, when a mathematical model wasproposed in the original literature, the model (the formula and its coefficients) is shown on this web site.

If you have any information regarding literature not cited, or if you find any mistakes on this web site, please help to update the site by informing us.

Anthropometrical Data

There are measurements with the same name but different definitions, and measurements with different names but the same definition.

Please consult the original article for the definitions of measurements.

Glossary

References

Passive Joint Properties

Glossary

References

Shoulder

Elbow

Wrist

MP-Joint of Index Finger

Hip joint

Knee

Ankle

Body Segment Parameters

Reference List

C.E.Clauser 1969
Weight,volume, and center of mass of segments of the human body
AMRL technical report TR-69-70(1969)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/VCadaver13Male24-78n/aCaucasiann/aCadaver segmentation*note

R.F.Chandler 1975
Investigation of inertia properties of the human body
AMRL-TR-74-137(1975)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
D/V/COG/M/ICadaver6Male45-65n/aCaucasiann/aCadaver segmentationOK

J.T. McConville 1980
Anthropometric Relationships of body and body segment moments of inertia
AFAMRL-TR-80-119

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
V/COV/I/PAI(Principal Axis of Inertia)Living31Male27.45±5.64n/an/aUSAPhotogrammetryN/A

J.W.Young 1983
Anthropometric and mass distribution characteristics of the adult female
FAA-AM-83-16

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
V/COV/I/PAI(Principal Axis of Inertia)Living46Female21-45n/aCUSAPhotogrammetryN/A

V.Zatsiorsky 1983
The Mass and Inertia Characteristics of the Main Segments of the Human Body
Biomechanics V-IIIB(1983)1152-1159

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILiving100Male45-65n/aCaucasianRussiaγ-ray scannerN/A

M.Ae, H.Tang, T.Yokoi 1992
Body segment parameters of Japanese adults
Biomechanism 11(1992)23-33

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILivingMale215/Female80Male/FemaleMale18-23/Female18-24n/aJapaneseJapanPhotogrammetryN/A

T.Yokoi, K.Shibukawa,M.Ae 1986
Body segment parameters of Japanese children
Japanese JourN/Al of Phisical Education 31(1986)53-66

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILivingMale132/Female123Male/Female3-15n/aJapaneseJapanPhotogrammetryN/A

H.Okada, M.Ae, N.Fujii, Y.Morioka 1996
Body segment inertia properties of Japanese elderly
Biomechanism 13(1996)125-139

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILivingMale90/Female89Male/FemaleMale62-86/Female61-83n/aJapaneseJapanPhotogrammetryN/A

D.J.Pearsall,J.G.Reid 1994
Inertial Properties of the Human Trunk of Males Determined from Magnetic Resonunce Imaging
Annuals of Biomedical engineering Vol.22 (1994) 692-706

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
D/COG/M/ILiving26Male40.5±14.4n/aCaucasianCanadaMRIN/A

C.K.Cheng 2000
Segment inertial properties of Chinese adults determined from magnetic resonunce imaging
Clinical biomechanics 15(2000)559-566

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILiving8Male26±4n/aChineseTaiwanMRIN/A

R.K.Jensen 1978
Estimation of the biomechanical properties of three body types using a photogrammetric method
J.Biomechanics, Vol.11,349-358 (1978)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
COG/M/ILiving3Male10/1 8/8 11/1n/aCaucasiann/aPhotogrammetryOK

R.K.Jensen 1986
Body segment mass, radius and radius of gyration proportions of children
J.Biomechanics, Vol.19,359-368 (1986)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
COG/M/ILiving12Male4-15n/aCaucasiann/aPhotogrammetryN/A

R.K.Jensen 1989
Changes in segment inertia proportions between 4 and 20 years
J.Biomechanics, Vol.22,529-536 (1989)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/ILiving12Male4-20n/aCaucasiann/aPhotogrammetryN/A

R.K.Jensen,P.Fletcher 1994
Distribution of mass to the segments of elderly males and females
J.Biomechanics, Vol.27,89-96 (1994)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
MLivingMale7/Female12Male/Female63-75n/aCaucasiann/aPhotogrammetryN/A

W.T.Dempster 1955
Space requirements of the seated operator
WADC Technical report TR-55-159(1955)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
A/M/COG/V/I/DCadaver8Male52-83n/aCaucasiann/aCadaver segmentationOK

S.J.Park 1999
Anthropometric and Biomechanical Characteristics on Body Segments of Koreans
Applied human science 18(3),91-99,(1999)

ItemStateSample numberSexAgeMeasurement yearRaceMeasurement placeMeasurement techniqueRawdata accessibility
M/COG/V/DLivingMale65/Female69Male/Female7-49n/aKoreann/aWater displacementN/A