Human Body Properties Database
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AIST Human Body Database > Human Body Properties Database > Passive Joint Properties:Hip

Hip Joint

Edrich-00-03

Author(s)Edrich, T., Riener, R. and Quintern, J.
TitleAnalysis of Passive Elastic Joint Moments in Paraplegics
JournalIEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng.
Vol. & No.Vol.47, No.8 p.1058-1065
Year2000
Reference(s) Edrich-00-01
Edrich-00-02
Riener-99-01
Riener-99-02
Riener-99-03
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion-Extention
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 3 males & 3 females, each with paraplegia
Age Span: 23-40
Country: Germany
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-1)
Definition Edrich-00-3 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data An exponential function of moment to the joint angle (unit:Nm)

Characteristics
  • These data are for the paraplegics, and are compared with those of unimpaired persons.
  • These contain even the difference of the elasticities by the change of the postures of the knee.
  • The measured characteristics are modeled, including the effects of the biarticular muscles.
  • Raw data of several postures exist.

Engin-79-02

Author(s)Engin, A.E.
TitlePassive Resistive Torques about Long Bone Axes of Major Human Joints
JournalAviat. Space, Environ, Medic.
Vol. & No.Vol.50, No.10 p.1052-1057
Year1979
Reference(s) Engin-79-01
Engin-79-03
Engin-79-04
Engin-79-05
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Lateral/Medial Rotation
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 3 males
Age Span: -
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-3)
Definition Engin-79-2 Refer to the figure on the right side.
The orientation of the thigh is along the positive X direction and the zero value of hip angle corresponds to the shank orientation along the positive Z axis.
Expression of the data Graph of a non-linear elastic resistance moment to joint angle
Function not shown
Characteristics
  • These data are the elastic moments around the axes along the long bone of the extremities.
  • The raw data of 3 subjects exist.
  • Active ROM and the passive resistance moment are compared.

Engin-88-01

Author(s)Engin, A.E. and Chen, S.M.
TitleOn the Biomechanics of Human Hip Complex in Vivo-I. Kinematics for Determination of the Maximal Voluntary Hip Complex Sinus
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.21, No.10 p.785-795
Year1988
Reference(s)
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Complex Motion including Flexion-Extension and Abduction
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 3 males
Age Span: -
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-2)
Definition Engin-88-1 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Flexion, extension, and abduction are strictly not defined. Refer this paper for details.
Expression of the data A non-linear function of moment to the joint angle (unit:Nm)

Characteristics
  • These data are the elasticities against the extension around the hip effected by 3-D rotation. The adaptable range is vague.
  • The adaptable range is vague.
  • In Engin's studies, the definitions of the hip angles do not match with the anatomical ones, because he attends to the definition itself of the 3-D rotation angle of shoulder.

HQL-00-06

Author(s)Research institute of human engineering for quality life
TitleReport of "Measurement and evaluation of the human dynamic characteristics"
Journal
Vol. & No.Vol.
Year2000
Reference(s) HQL-00-01
HQL-00-02
HQL-00-03
HQL-00-04
HQL-00-05
NITE Human characteristics database
NITE Development of measurement methods for basic dynamic characteristics
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion-Extention
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 88 males & 90 females
Age Span: 20-79
Country: Japan
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-1)
Definition HQL-00-6 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data
An exponential function of moment to joint angle (unit:Nm)
Right side of males:

Refer to this report about another data.
Characteristics
  • HQL, NITE, and Yamazaki Lab.(Keio Univ.) collaborate in this research.
  • The standard posture is determined as an interference of biarticular muscles does not come out during measuring.
  • The data is only about the elastic resistance during flexion and extension, and that of torso joint does not exist, too.
  • The data includes that of the generational, sexual, and bilateral distinctions.

Lee-00-01

Author(s)Lee, R.Y.W and Munn, J.
TitlePassive moment about the hip in straight leg raising
JournalClin. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.15, No.5 p.330-334
Year2000
Reference(s)
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 8 males & 6 females
Age Span: 20-45
Country: Australia
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-1)
Definition Lee-00-1 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data An exponential function of moment to joint angle (unit:Nm)

Characteristics
  • This data is only about the elastic resistance against hip flexion when knee extends.
  • The average characteristic is estimated by fitting a curve from that of 14 subjects.
  • The raw data about only 1 subject exists.

Riener-99-03

Author(s)Riener, R. and Edrich, T.
TitleIdentification of passive elastic joint moments in the lower extremities
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.32, No.5 p.539-544
Year1999
Reference(s) Riener-99-01
Riener-99-02
Edrich-00-01
Edrich-00-02
Edrich-00-03
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion-Extension
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 10males
Age Span: 23-29
Country: Germany
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-1)
Definition Riener-99-3 Refer to the figure on the right side.
The definition of the knee angle is written by Riener-99-02.
Expression of the data An exponential function of moment to joint angle (unit:Nm)

Characteristics
  • These contain even the difference of the elasticities by the change of the postures of the knee.
  • The measured characteristics are modeled, including the effects of the biarticular muscles..
  • The raw data about only 1 subject exists.

Vrahas-90-01

Author(s)Vrahas, M.S., Brand, R.A, Brown, T.D. and Andrews, J.G.
TitleContribution of Passive Tissues to the Intersegmental Moments at the Hip
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.23, No.4 p.357-362
Year1990
Reference(s)Yoon-82-01
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion-Extension
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 15 males
Age Span: 22-63
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-3)
Definition Vrahas-90 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data Graph of a non-linear elastic moment to joint angle
Function not shown
Characteristics
  • These data are measured in cases of changing the date, initial hip posture, and knee posture during measurement.
  • This result is compared with that of Yoon-82-01, and both are alike.
  • The raw data is measured only in units of 10 degrees, and that about each subject does not exist.

Yoon-82-01

Author(s)Yoon, Y.S. and Mansour, J.M.
TitleThe Passive Elastic Moment at the Hip
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.15, No.12 p.905-910
Year1999
Reference(s) Mansour-86-01
Vrahas-90-01
Target Joint: Hip
Direction: Flexion-Extension
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 4 males
Age Span: 23-36
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-3)
Definition Yoon-82 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data An exponential function of moment to joint angle (unit:Nm)
From extention to flexion:

From flexion to extension:

Characteristics
  • The elasticities of hip are measured when the knee angle changes in three stages.
  • This paper is shown that the direction of articular rotation causes a hysteresis, so the measured characteristics are devided into above two functions.
  • The raw data about only 1 person exists.