Human Body Properties Database
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AIST Human Body Database > Human Body Properties Database > Passive Joint Properties:Shoulder

Shoulder

Engin-79-01

Author(s)Engin, A.E.
TitlePassive Resistive Torques about Long Bone Axes of Major Human Joints
JournalAviat. Space, Environ, Medic.
Vol. & No.Vol.50, NO.10 p.1052-1057
Year1979
Reference(s) Engin-79-02
Engin-79-03
Engin-79-04
Engin-79-05
Target Joint: Shoulder
Direction: Lateral/Medial Rotation
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 3 males
Age Span: -
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-3)
Definition Engin-79-1 Refer to the figure on the right side.
The upper arm is oriented along the positive X direction and the zero value of the angle corresponds to a 45 degree medially rotated forearm position.
Expression of the data Graph of a non-linear elastic resistance moment to joint angle
Function not shown
Characteristics
  • These data are the elastic moments around the axes along the long bone of the extremities.
  • The raw data of 3 subjects exist.
  • Active ROM and the passive resistance moment are compared.

Engin-84-01

Author(s)Engin, A.E.
TitleOn the Damping Properties of the Shoulder Complex
JournalTrans. ASME J. Biomech. Eng.
Vol. & No.Vol.106, No.4 p.360-363
Year1984
Reference(s)Engin-86-01
Target Joint: Shoulder
Direction: Complex Motion including Flexion-Extension and Abduction
Characteristic(s): Viscosity
Measurement Condition Subject: 3 males
Age Span : -
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-3)
Definition Engin-84-1 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Flexion, extension, and abduction are strictly not defined. Refer this paper for details.
Expression of the data Graph of a linear coefficient of the viscous passive resistance to joint angle
Function not shown
Characteristics
  • These coefficients around the flexion and extension axis of the shoulder are projected on a cross-sectional plane.
  • The posture of the shoulder abduction changes in five stages.
  • The information of the subjects does not exist.

Engin-86-01

Author(s)Engin, A.E. and Chen, S.M.
TitleStatistical Data Base for the Biomechanical Properties of the Human Shoulder Complex-I: Kinematics of the Shoulder Complex
JournalTrans. ASME J. Biomech. Eng.
Vol. & No.Vol.108, No.3 p.215-221
Year1986

Author(s)Engin, A.E. and Chen, S.M.
TitleStatistical Data Base for the Biomechanical Properties of the Human Shoulder Complex-II: Passive Resistive Properties beyond the Shoulder Complex
JournalTrans. ASME J. Biomech. Eng.
Vol. & No.Vol.108, No.3 p.222-227
Year1986

Author(s)Engin, A.E. and Chen, S.M.
TitleOn the Biomechanics of Human Shoulder Complex in Vivo-I. Kinematics for Determination of the Shoulder Complex Sinus
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.20, No.2 p.103-117
Year1987

Author(s)Engin, A.E. and Chen, S.M.
TitleOn the Biomechanics of Human Shoulder Complex in Vivo-II. Passive Resistive Properties beyond the Shoulder Complex Sinus
JournalJ. Biomech.
Vol. & No.Vol.20, NO.2 p.119-134
Year1987

Reference(s)Engin-84-01
Target Joint: Shoulder
Direction: Complex Motion including Flexion-Extension and Abduction
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 10 persons
Age span: -
Country: USA
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-2)
Definition Engin-86-1 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Flexion, extension, and abduction are strictly not defined. Refer this paper for details.
Expression of the data A non-linear function of moment to the joint angle (unit:Nm)

Characteristics
  • These data are the elasticities against the extension around the shoulder effected by 3-D rotation.
  • The coefficients of the functions are the average values of those of 10 persons.
  • The adaptable range is vague.
  • In Engin's studies, the definitions of the shoulder angles do not match with the anatomical ones, because he attends to the definition itself of the 3-D rotation angle of shoulder.

Gomi-98-01

Author(s)Gomi, H. and Osu, R
TitleTask-Dependent Viscoelasticity of Human Multijoint Arm and Its Spatial Characteristics for Interaction with Environments
JournalJ. Neuroscience
Vol. & No.Vol.18, No.21 p.8965-8978
Year1998
Reference(s)Gomi-98-02
Target Joint: Shoulder
Direction: Horizontal Flexion-Extension
Characteristic(s): Viscoelasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 2 males & 2 females
Age Span: 23-34
Country: Japan
Method: Estimation by dynamic equilibration (type 2-2)
Definition Gomi-98-1 Refer to the figure on the right side..
Expression of the data Graph of a linear viscoelastic coefficient to joint angle.
Function not shown
Characteristics
  • These joint viscoelastic characteristics are identified using an estimation method of an inpedance in robot engineering.
  • Many related studies and data exist.
  • Originally, the purpose of this study is to propose the measuring method.
  • The difference of the stiffness by an environment is examined.

HQL-00-03

Author(s)Research institute of human engineering for quality life
TitleReport of "Measurement and evaluation of the human dynamic characteristics"
Journal
Vol. & No.
Year2000
Reference(s) HQL-00-01
HQL-00-02
HQL-00-04
HQL-00-05
HQL-00-06
NITE Human characteristics database
NITE Development of measurement methods for basic dynamic characteristics
Target Target: Shoulder
Direction: Flexion-Extension
Characteristic(s): Elasticity
Measurement Condition Subjects: 86 males & 98 females
Age Span: 20-79
Country: Japan
Method: Estimation by quasi-static equilibration (type 1-1)
Definition HQL-00-3 Refer to the figure on the right side.
Expression of the data
An exponential function of moment to joint angle (unit:Nm)
Right side of males:

Refer to this report about another data.
Characteristics
  • HQL, NITE, and Yamazaki Lab.(Keio Univ.) collaborate in this research.
  • The standard posture is determined as an interference of biarticular muscles does not come out during measuring.
  • The data is only about the elastic resistance during flexion and extension, and that of torso joint does not exist, too.
  • The data includes that of the generational, sexual, and bilateral distinctions.