Human Body Properties Database
AIST

AIST Human Body Database > Human Body Properties Database > Body Segment Parameters : 01) Weight,volume and center of mass of segments of the human body

Weight,volume and center of mass of segments of the human body

ReferenceWeight,volume and center of mass of segments of the human body
JournalAMRL technical report TR-69-70(1969)
AuthorC.E.Clauser
ItemM COG V
StateCadaver
Sample number13
SexMale
Age24-78
Measurement yearn/a
RaceCaucasian
Measurement placen/a
Measurement techniqueCadaver segmentation
Rawdata accessibility* note
01

(1)Definition of Body Segmentation

The definition is almost same as that of Dempster and Fischer.

a. Shoulder
With the arm abducted laterally approximately 15 degree, the cut plane extends from the acromial tip to the anatomical neck of the humorus.

b. Hip
The cut plane begins from the level of the iliac crest inferiorly along the external shelf of the ilium cutting the rim of the acetabulurn and serves the ischial tubersity (posteriorly at the level of the attachment of M.Semimenbranous, anteriorly at the mid-point of the ascending ramus of the ischium) with abudacted legs about 20 degree.

c. Head
The cut plane begins from the chin neck juncture, just inferior to the hyoid bone, through the body of third cervical vertebra to the spinus tip of second cervical vertebra with positioned in the Frankfort plane.

d. Knee
The cut line begins near the lower third of patella and bisects the maximum protusions of the medial and lateral epicondyles of the femur and passes just above the posterior superior edge of the medial epicondyle and through the posterior superior tip of the lateral epicondyle.

e. Ankle
The cut plane begins at the anterior superior edge of the neck of the talus and passes through the posterior superior surface of the calcaneous.

f. Elbow
With flexed about 45 degree, the cut plane bisects the area of insertion of the triceps on the olecranon process, and crosses the greatest projection of the medial epicondyle .

g. Wrist
he cut plane begins at the palpable groove between the lunate and capitate bone, bisects the volar surface of the pisiform and ends at the distal wrist crease.

(2) Predictive model

(3)Validation

Regression coefficients

Segment mass

The following table shows regression coefficients.
Note:Weight in kg, volume in liters, body fat in mm, all other dimensions in cm.
Ex.)
Thigh mass(kg)(kg)=-4.216+0.074×Weight(kg)+0.138×Upper Thigh Circumference(cm)+0.027×Iliac Crest(fat)(mm)

Segment Volume

The following table shows regression coefficients.
Note:Weight in kg, volume in liters, body fat in mm, all other dimensions in cm.
Ex.)
Thigh volume(liters)=-3.76+0.073×Weight(kg)+0.106×Upper Thigh Circunference(cm)+0.039×Iliac Crest (Fat)(mm)

Segment Center of gravity

The following table shows regression coefficients.
Note:Weight in kg, volume in liters, body fat in mm, all other dimensions in cm.
Ex.)
Distance between COG of Trunk and Suprasternale(cm)=1.683+0.471×Bispinus Breadth(cm)-0.058×Iliac Crest (Fat)(mm)+0.166×Trunk Length(cm)